Louis Uedemann (1854-1912) was the chess reporter for the Chicago Times.
He was also the first U.S. Open champion, winning the tournament in Excelsior
Minnesota in 1900. He developed a code that was later refined by Mr. D.
A. Gringmuth, of St. Petersburg, "a leading Russian problem composer," [Steinitz] and adapted for use
with telegraphs for cable matches. Gringmuth's notation was first used in
the telegraphic match between London and St Petersburg in November, 1886.
This code is the invention of Mr. D. Gringmuth, a leading Russian problem
composer, and has been adopted in several matches. An account of it may be found
in La Strategie, the Times-Democrat of New Orleans, The
International Chess Magazine, and the Chess Players' Annual. By means of
it two different moves can be combined in one word for transmission. If
telegraphing only one game the first two syllables would represent White's move,
and the last two syllables Black's answer. In the match between London and St.
Petersburg, in which two games were simultaneously contested, the first two
syllables represented the move in the game in which the party sending the
dispatch had the first move, and the two last syllables the move of the same
party in the game in which their adversaries had the first move. The squares are
designated in the following diagram [see above], and each move is
designated by giving the square from which the piece or pawn is moved, followed
by the square to which it is moved. By an extension of the code suggested by E.
D. Nores in the Times-Democrat, the letter c, added to the last
syllable, designates "check;" similarly p means "take pawn en
passant;" l added to the symbols for the King's and Rook's squares,
means Castles; q, r, b, k, added to the last
syllable indicate that a pawn reaching the last row becomes respectively a
queen, rook, bishop, or knight ; and finally m
means mate, and s, stalemate.
Thus Game No. 2, in Philidor's Defence, p. 154, would be recorded as follows for
Gegoseso Kahireri Fefoteto Fosottogo Hiworiro Sosiwazi Cadipepi
Wogorogo Fazowewi Zosozawa Daworari Bafarisi Hadonare Dosi.
William Steinitz, The Modern Chess Instructor (1889)
message - The first letter indicates the
board number and the following 4 letters, the move
reply - the first letter indicates the
board, the next 4 repeat the move, the last 4 give the reply move